Preventing Corona Virus Infection - Health Advice 关于新型冠状病毒的健康提醒

23-01-2020

Dear Parents,
尊敬的家长:

We wanted to inform you of a recent outbreak of Corona virus infection, full precaution has taken in order to stop the possibility of spreading into the school, So we wanted to inform to our community, if any symptoms of flu, we recommend you staying at home.

我们希望告知您,最近多地区发生新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎,对此我们已经采取措施来阻止其继续传播。我们也想提醒各位家长,在家时请对孩子的健康状况提高警惕,如发生流感症状,请尽量留在家中避免外出。

We would like to suggest you taking some precaution like temporally avoiding eating poultry of any wild animals, until this situation is undercontrol. To encourage your children to eat healthy foods; such as fruits and vegetables, and to drink plenty of liquids (Water and Fresh Fruit Juice). We also recommend frequent hand washing, using a mask at any crowded place or public area is very important and necessary, in order to reduce the chance of getting sick.

我们建议您采取一些预防措施,例如暂时避免食用任何野生动物和家禽,直到当前的情况得到控制。鼓励您的孩子吃健康的食物;例如新鲜水果和蔬菜,并大量饮水(水和新鲜果汁)。同时建议您常洗手,在拥挤的地方或公共场所戴口罩非常重要且有必要,可以减少生病的机会。

What is Corona Virus?
什么是新型冠状病毒?

The new coronavirus discovered this time (the World Health Organization has named it "2019-nCoV," the 2019 new coronavirus "), it can infect human, and it is coming from infected animals, as SARS coronavirus and MERS coronavirus.

冠状病毒是自然界广泛存在的一类病毒,因该病毒形态在电镜下观察类似王冠而得名。

除本次发现的新型冠状病毒(世界卫生组织已将其命名为“2019-nCoV,即2019新型冠状病毒”)外,已知感染人的冠状病毒还有6种,其中两种是我们熟知的SARS冠状病毒和MERS冠状病毒。

This the new coronavirus discovered this time is bit different from SARS and MERS coronaviruses. but is not expressing the terrible characteristics of SARS.

但这次发现的新型冠状病毒与SARS冠状病毒和MERS冠状病毒是不同的,新型冠状病毒虽然是SARS近亲,但还未表现出SARS那么可怕的特性。

Route of transmission
传染途径

  • Respiratory tract and hand mouth transmission: Corona virus is spread to people mainly through our respiratory tract , like saliva, sneeze, contact and air droplets. the peak of infection is in autumn, winter and early spring.
    呼吸道传播和接触传播
    冠状病毒主要通过我们的呼吸道传播给人们,如:唾液,打喷嚏和接触传染,并通过空气飞沫传播。感染高峰在秋季,冬季和早春。

Symptoms of Corona Virus infection:
新型冠状病毒感染的症状有:

  • General symptoms: fever, fatigue, dry cough, short of breath (some patients have mild symptoms, or without fever).
    一般症状:发热、乏力、干咳、逐渐出现呼吸困难(部分患者起病症状轻微,可无发热)
  • Severe cases: acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, metabolic acidosis, coagulopathy
    严重者:急性呼吸窘迫综合征、脓毒症休克、难以纠正的代谢性酸中毒、出凝血功能障碍。
  • Most patients have mild symptoms and good prognosis
    多数患者症状为轻度或中度,预后良好。

Health advice:
健康指导意见:

It is currently in the season of high incidence of infectious diseases in winter and spring. It is necessary to enhance awareness of personal hygiene, strengthen exercise, drink boiled water, avoid ourselves from getting cold, and improve our immunity.

目前正处于冬春季传染病高发季节,要增强卫生健康意识,加强锻炼,规律作息,多喝热水,避免着凉,提高自身免疫力。

Prevention:
预防措施:

1. Frequent hand wash. Use soap and water or alcohol hand sanitizer (washing time> 60 seconds), and always keep your hands hygienic, especially after touching your mouth and nose and potentially infected surfaces, avoid touching your mouth and nose with your hands; 勤洗手:使用香皂和水或酒精洁手液(洗手时长>60秒),经常保持手部卫生,尤其是在触摸嘴和鼻子以及可能感染的表面之后,避免用手触摸嘴和鼻子;尽可能频繁开窗,增进居住空间的空气流动;

2. Minimize close contact time with people who may be infected, and keep at least one meter away from people with flu-like symptoms.
尽可能减少与可能染病者的密切接触时间,与有流感样症状者保持至少一米距离

3. Reduce eating out and minimize time spent in public.
Open windows as often as possible to increase air flow in living spaces.
减少外出就餐,尽可能减少在公共场合逗留的时间;

4. Thoroughly cooked the meat and eggs.
将肉蛋彻底做熟;

5. When coughing and sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue to control respiratory secretions. Dispose immediately after use or wash nose/rinse mouth, and wash hands immediately.
在咳嗽及喷嚏时,用纸巾掩住口鼻,控制呼吸道分泌物。在使用后立即处置或清洗,并立即洗手。

We appreciate your cooperation and look forward to having your child participate fully in class.
十分感谢您的合作,我们希望您的孩子可以充分参与到学校学习中。

Sincerely,
您真诚的

Nurses Office
护士室

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